|Xi·zang or Ti·bet |
An autonomous region of China in the southwest part of the country north and west of the Himalaya Mountains. Controlled by China since 1720, ?? it became an autonomous province in 1951 and was formally proclaimed an autonomous region in 1965. Xizang is a center of Buddhism, but many Buddhists have fled since the 1950s to escape religious persecution. Lhasa is the capital. Population: 2,610,000.
The Tibet Area was a province-level administrative division of the Republic of China. The republic never had any real control over the area, which was controlled by the Kashag government in Lhasa. When the republic was founded in 1912, the Kashag controlled about the same area as the Tibet Area, but later also took control of the western part of Xikang province; thus for the most of the Republic of China period, Lhasa controlled an area which was the same as the Tibet Autonomous Region today.